Role of Tubal block in Female Infertility

The problem of infertility has been on a constant rise and affects people of various age groups. A tubal block is a problem of the reproductive system. It can be caused by male factor infertility, the woman’s system, or both. Studies have found that almost 40% of infertility problems are caused by a tubal block in the woman’s reproductive organs.

What is Tubal Block?

Tubal block refers to a blockage in your fallopian tubes, impacting your ability to get pregnant. One or both of the fallopian tubes is blocked, preventing sperm and egg from meeting and fertilizing. Accordingly, making it hard for you to get pregnant, this process is known as Tubal factor Infertility. 

Causes of Tubal block

Here are some of the most common reasons for a fallopian tube blockage

  1. Pelvic Inflammation

One of the main reasons for tubal block is infection such as pelvic inflammatory disease(PID). STIs usually cause this. This condition causes hydrosalpinx (scarring) in the fallopian tubes, ultimately resulting in tubal blockage. Additionally, past abdominal surgery can also cause a tubal block.

  1. Disease Since Birth

This condition is slightly rare, but it can also happen that this problem has been in you since birth.

  1. Accidental Damage Following Other Surgery 

Any surgery leads to scar tissue, and if the quantity is excessive, it can be a potential reason for blocked fallopian tubes.

  1. Severe Endometriosis 

Endometriosis can cause the endometrial tissue to accumulate in the fallopian tubes and cause a blockage. Adhesions caused due to the growth of endometrial tissues on the outer parts of other organs can also create a tubal blockage.

  1. Growth of Fibroid 

The growth of fibroids, attached near the uterus can block the fallopian tubes along with the path between the uterus and the fallopian tubes. This in turn blocks the transfer of the mature egg from the ovary to the uterus, making it hard to get pregnant.

  1. Previous Ectopic Pregnancy

Typically, a fertilized egg (embryo) travels to the uterus for implantation. However, in the case of ectopic pregnancy, the egg develops and implants outside the uterus, frequently in the fallopian tubes, causing the fallopian tubes to become blocked.

  1. Tubal Sterilisation 

A tubal ligation is a form of permanent birth control. The fallopian tubes are either cut, tied or blocked to prevent an egg from travelling from the ovaries through the fallopian tubes. Also, it prevents sperm from travelling through the fallopian tubes to the egg.

To reverse the sterilization another surgery needs to be performed.

Some of the potential treatments for Tubal blockage

Below are a few potential treatments for the tubal block.

  1. Surgeries-

Surgery is recommended when you are experiencing pelvic pain or to diagnose if you have infertility issues.  Depending upon the cases several different surgical options can be considered for opening the fallopian tube, and repairing damaged tubes caused by ectopic pregnancy or infection is advised

  • Laparoscopy

Often laparoscopy surgery treats some causes of infertility and allows you to get pregnant naturally or without treatment. A small incision is made at the belly button to insert a telescope through it. The process begins from here. Recovery takes 2-3 days.

  • Tubal Ligation Reversal Surgery or Tubal Cannulation 

It may be possible to repair a damaged fallopian tube. The blockage or damaged condition will be an essential factor. The position of the tubal block plays a deciding role. The blocked tube is cut and rejoined in the surgery. This allows the eggs can travel through it.

The success of the surgery depends on your age and other health-related factors in furtherance to the above-stated factors.

  1. In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

 IVF is one of the most popular treatment methods for tubal blockage conditions. It is one of the most advanced procedures among assisted reproductive technologies (ART) procedures. It can help circumvent a massive variety of the underlying causes of infertility and improve the couple’s chances of conceiving. 

The mature eggs are extracted and externally fertilized in a laboratory environment with sperm cells. The above procedure can enable conceiving even if repair surgery is not successful. 

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) can be combined with IVF  to manually inject a single sperm into the centre of the egg, allowing fertilization to occur.


If you cannot conceive naturally, a blocked fallopian tube may be the cause. Usually, blocked fallopian tubes can result in irreversible fertility. If not treated, you will be unable to conceive for the rest of your life. Depending on your age and personal health history, your doctor may recommend a medical evaluation. Generally, a gynaecologist or a urologist can help you determine whether a problem requires a specialist or clinic that treats infertility problems. For instance, both you and your partner may require a comprehensive infertility evaluation. Book your appointment at Ferticare to increase the chances of a successful pregnancy. Our experts will assist you with their technical and medical skills and understand your physical needs. 

Have more questions about Tubal blockage treatment? Speak with our Fertility Specialists

Ferticare can help you on your way to becoming pregnant. Ferticare will assist at every step of the process. It starts from the initial consultation to determining the best fertility therapy for you. We provide patients with tailored, cost-effective treatment plans and link them with the best physician for their requirements.

Meet with one of our fertility specialists if you are having difficulty becoming pregnant. We can help if you have any more questions regarding the procedures.

Visit right away or arrange a consultation!

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